Over 5,000 years ago, a great civilization was born on the banks of the River Nile in Egypt. Egyptians were ruled by one king, obeyed one set of laws and worshipped one group of gods. Their civilization lasted for thousands of years. People’s lives depended on the Nile, which overflowed each year and enriched the land.
The Egyptians believed that when a person died, they would live again in a kind of heaven. There they needed the same things they needed in egypt, including their body. A person’s clothes and furniture were buried in the tomb, together with food and drink.
The Egyptians wrote on papyrus (paper made from reed). They used red or black ink and a reed pen or a brush. Their writing consisted of pictures, called hieroglyphics, that stood for objects and sounds.
The lotus blossom was the symbol of the River Nile in Egypt. Every year the river flooded its banks. leaving a layer of rich soil in which farmers grew crops.
The Egyptians painted their coffins and the walls of their tombs beautifully. The coffin was usually painted with a portrait of the dead person.
The pharaohs (Powerful kings) ruled Egypt for 3,000 years. The Egyptians believed pharaohs were gods, linked with Horus (god of kings), who took the form of a hawk.
After death, Egyptians preserved bodies by embalming them. They used salt to dry the body, and then wrapped it in linen. The head was covered with a mask.
Pyramids were tombs for pharaohs. The largest is the Great Pyramid of Giza, built for the pharaoh Cheops. The pharaoh’s body was taken to his tomb in a funeral boat. Priests then performed a ceremony called ‘Opening the mouth’, saying ‘You live again, you live again forever’.
A cubit is 52.5 cm – the average distance between a person’s middle finger and their elbow. Egyptians made special rods to measure cubits exactly.
Egyptians, even the pharaoh, usually walked barefoot or wore sandals made of reeds. People wore simple linen clothes and sometimes wore wigs made of wool or human hair. Egyptians wore lots of jewellery to keep away evil spirits.
GK Questions About Ancient Egypt
- Which river flows through Egypt?
Answer: The Nile
- What did the ancient Egyptians call their leader?
Answer: The pharaoh
- Did Egyptians believe in life after death?
- What was made of wool or human hair?
- What were Egyptian clothes made from?
- What form of writing did the Egyptians use?
- What was papyrus made from?
- What was usually buried with an Egyptian’s bod
Answer: Their clothes and furniture, and food and drink
- How did the Egyptians usually decorate their coffins?
Answer: With a portrait of the dead person
- What was ‘Opening the mouth?
Answer: A ceremony performed by priests at a dead pharaoh’s tomb
- What is the biggest pyramid called?
Answer: The Great Pyramid of Giza
- What flower was the symbol of the Nile?
Answer: The lotus
- Which part of the body was used to measure a cubit: the leg, the foot or the forearm?
Answer: The forearm
- How did the Egyptians transport a pharaoh’s body?
Answer: In a funeral boat
- What did Egyptians use to dry the body when embalming?
- What animal is associated with the Egyptian god of kings?
Answer: The hawk
- What did the priest say during a death ceremony?
Answer: “You live again, you live again forever’
- For how long did the pharaohs rule Egypt?
Answer: For 3,000 years
- Who is buried in the Great Pyramid of Giza?
Answer: The pharaoh Cheops
20. what did ancient egypt look like ?
Answer: Black and White