The English writer William Shakespeare wrote plays, long poems, and shorter poems known as sonnets. During his life, he wrote dozens of famous comedies, tragedies and history plays, which are still popular today. They are performed in theatres around the world. Shakespeare is thought of as the greatest English playwright, and many of his plays have been turned into films.
William Shakespeare (1564 – 1616) was born in Stratford – upon – Avon, UK. He moved to London, and by 1592 he became known as a playwright.
Shakespeare’s shortest, but bloodiest, tragedy play is Macbeth. It is based on a figure from Scottish history. The play reflects the author’s friendship with King James I, who claimed Scottish lineage.
‘To be, or not to be’ is the most famous line from this tragedy play, first performed about 1600. It was a great hit at the time and is still one of Shakespeare’s most performed plays.
Romeo and Juliet
The tragedy of two lovers who died for each other is based on two real lovers in Verona, Italy, who died in 1303. Shakespeare turned the story into a play early in his career, about 1594 – 95.
The area in front of the theatre stage was called the pit. It was uncovered and people had to stand there to watch the play. Richer people watched from seats covered by the roof.
Shakespeare’s original Globe Theatre opened in 1599 on the south bank of the River Thames in London, and held an audience of 3,000 people. Many of his best-known plays were performed there. It burned down in 1613 but was rebuilt the next year. In 1997, a replica of the Globe Theatre opened near the original site. People go there to watch Shakespeare’s plays.
People who paid to watch plays in the pit were called groundlings. They paid an admission fee of one penny to watch a play in the pit.
GK Questions and Answers About English Writer Shakespeare
- Macbeth is a play about a figure from Scottish history. True or false?
- Was Shakespeare’s theatre called the Swan or the Globe?
Answer: The Globe
- Hamlet is a comedy play. True or false?
Answer: False (it is a tragedy play)
- Did Shakespeare write a play called Romeo and Juliet or Veron and Juliet?
Answer: Romeo and Juliet
- Were people who watched a play from the pit called pitlings, groundlings or watchlings?
6. When was Shakespeare Born?
Answer: Shakespeare was born in the year 1564 in Stratford upon-Avon.
- What was the name of the uncovered part of the theatre where people stood to watch plays? Answer: The pit
- Richer people watched plays in the Globe in a covered area. True or false?
- Could the Globe Theatre hold 500, 1.500 ar 3,000 people?
- Which ‘M’ is Shakespeare’s bloodiest tragedy play?
- what shakespeare play asks: “to be or not to be”? from Mabeth, Hamlet or Romeo and Juliet?
- Is Romeo and Juliet based on real lovers or a made-up tale?
Answer: Real lovers
- The Globe Theatre was built close to which river in London?
Answer: The river Thames
- Was Hamlet first performed about 1550, 1600 or 1625?
Answer: About 1600
- Where was the home of the real couple an whose story Shakespeare based Romeo and Juliet? Answer: Verona, Italy
- Which British king had a friendship with Shakespeare?
Answer: King James I
- In what year was the Globe Theatre rebuilt after it had burned down?
- By which year was Shakespeare recognized as a playwright?
- How many plays did Shakespeare write?
Answer: More Than 30 plays
- What did Shakespeare name his only son?
Answer: Hamnet Shakespeare
- When did Shakespeare die?
Answer: In the Year 1616
- Wife of Shakespeare?
Answer: Anne Hathaway wife of Shakespeare